Table of Contents

What Science Can Do

Summer 2009


Human enhancement; A necessary critique of science; Squaring biofuels with food; Nurturing the U.S. high-tech workforce; Manufacturing's hidden heroes; Environmental data

From the Hill

Climate change legislation advances; FY 2010 budget proposal backs more increases for R&D; NIH releases guidelines for stem cell research; NASA to review human space flight activities

Editor’s Journal: Five-Year Plans

Kevin Finneran

What Science Can Do

Barack Obama

Science is more essential for our prosperity, our security, our health, our environment, and our quality of life than it has ever been before.

Alternative Energy for Transportation

Koji Omi

The world's citizens and governments must accept that Earth's resources are finite and commit themselves to the development of new power sources for automobiles.

Abolishing Hunger

Ismail Serageldin

The scientific community can play an essential role in providing the tools for humanity to satisfy its moral imperative to feed the hungry.

The Sustainability Transition

Pamela Matson

Meeting basic human needs without degrading the planet's vital systems will require an ambitious, interdisciplinary, and solution-oriented research program.

A Future for U.S. Fisheries

Carl Safina

Current policies have slowed but not stopped the depletion of fish stocks.

U.S. Energy Policy: The Need for Radical Departures

Vaclav Smil

Dreams of a near-term transformation are illusory.

From Human Genome Research to Personalized Health Care

Gilbert S. Omenn

The potential is widely recognized, but much more knowledge is needed to make the science clinically useful.

Electronic Health Records: Their Time Has Come

Don E. Detmer

After almost two decades of advocacy, the health care system might finally be ready to take full advantage of information technology to improve quality and efficiency.

A Focused Approach to Society’s Grand Challenges

Lewis Branscomb

Fundamental research linked to well-defined societal goals is a critical but underused tool of science and technology policy.

High-Performance Computing for All

Deborah Wince-Smith

Providing access to high-performance computing for small businesses, entrepreneurs, and inventors would be a boon to innovation.

The Cloud, the Crowd, and Public Policy

Michael R. Nelson

A new age of more flexible, less expensive, and more secure computing will emerge soon if governments act wisely.

Restoring Science to Science Education

Bruce Alberts

What is taught in schools today is a caricature of science.

To Teach Science, Tell Stories

Niles Eldredge

We need to incorporate the human dimensions of individual struggle, creativity, and adventure into the way we teach science.

After the Motor Fuel Tax: Reshaping Transportation Financing

Martin Wachs

Congress should seize the opportunity to shift to a system of direct user fees to support transportation activities.

The Rightful Place of Science

Daniel Sarewitz

The Democratic Party's enthusiastic embrace of science is delivering immediate financial rewards for research, but it raises long-term questions about the politicization of science.