Chesley Bonestell, “The Exploration of Mars” (1953), oil on board, 143/8 x 28 inches, gift of William Estler, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Reproduced courtesy of Bonestell LLC.

Innovation Policy

Innovation is at the core of scientific and technological advance and economic growth. Fields ranging from artificial intelligence to blockchain systems, social media to precision gene editing, are rapidly innovating and opening new opportunities—often creating new problems along the way. The essays in this section examine the promise and peril of innovation, with a particular focus on the economic impacts of scientific and technological change.