Is Innovation China’s Next Great Leap Forward?
Relying uncritically on assumptions of questionable legitimacy is a poor way to make policy. This concern animates several of the essays in the Summer 2018 Issues in Science and Technology.
- It all began in the middle of the fourth century BCE. Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics established a hierarchy of goods that laid the foundation for today’s science policy debates. A good pursued for… Read More
- Some observers tout autonomous (self-driving) vehicles by claiming that a computer is “simply a better driver than a human,” as a recent Time magazine article put it. This is not true now… Read More
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Although there is considerable uncertainty about specific effects, there is certainty that global warming is significant, accelerating, and seriously threatening. Doing nothing is not an option, as the cost of not adapting is many times greater than the cost of the most aggressive adaptation efforts.
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Hundreds of times each year the natural gas pipeline system fails, shutting down electric power plants, but there is no national system to record these events and help us improve reliability.
- Research and technologies designed to generate benefits for civilians that can also be used for military purposes are termed “dual use.” The concept of dual use frames and informs debates about how… Read More
- For much of the atomic age, the United States led the world in developing and deploying nuclear technologies. Despite building the world’s largest fleet of reactors—99 of which remain operational—and seeding most… Read More
- Innovation refers to the process of implementing new or improved technology and management practices that offer products and services with desirable performance at affordable cost. Innovation encompasses the entire pathway from early-stage… Read More
- Over the past 20 years, patent analysis has become a dominant method of studying innovation. The number of papers containing “patent citation” listed in Google Scholar rose from fewer than 10 in… Read More
- Policy action is required to mitigate and adapt to human-caused climate change, but current efforts to develop a global climate policy cannot fly. What the world’s leaders have been able to agree… Read More
- In September 2017, two hurricanes struck the US island of Puerto Rico, crippling its electric power grid. Because Puerto Rico is a major manufacturing site for medical supplies, the nation’s hospitals soon… Read More
- For roughly two thousand years, from 500 BCE to 1500 CE, China was the most advanced scientific civilization in the world. During this period, the Chinese intellectual tradition was more knowledgeable about… Read More