Real Numbers

Real Numbers: Connecting Jobs to Education

Lisa Hudson

Obviously, adults can engage in more than one of these learning opportunities over a lifetime, a year, or even during a week or a day; it is not possible to say how many do so. But one hint at the size of this learning enterprise can be gleaned from a national survey of adult education, […]

This article is in The Path Not Studied, Summer 2008

Real Numbers: Rising Tigers, Sleeping Giant


Asia’s rising “clean technology tigers”—China, Japan, and South Korea —are poised to out-compete the United States for dominance of clean energy markets due to their substantially larger government investments to support research and innovation, manufacturing capacity, and domestic markets, as well as critical related infrastructure. Government investment in each of these Asian nations will do […]

This article is in Better U.S. Health Care at Lower Cost, Winter 2010

Real Numbers: The New Global Landscape of Educational Achievement

Andreas Schleicher

Some 10 years ago, we lived in a very different world where education systems tended to be inward-looking, where schools and education systems typically considered themselves to be unique, and where the perceived walls of language, culture, and political structure made it impossible for them to borrow policies and practices developed elsewhere. Comparisons provide one […]

This article is in Innovation Policy around the World, Spring 2010

Real Numbers: Why Don’t U.S. Women Live Longer?

Barney Cohen

Over the past 25 years, female life expectancy at older ages has been rising in the United States at a slower pace than has been achieved in many other high-income countries, such as France, Italy, and Japan. Consequently, the United States has been falling steadily in the world rankings for level of female life expectancy, […]

This article is in The Energy/Climate Complex, Spring 2011

Real Numbers: Asian Women in STEM Careers: An Invisible Minority in a Double Bind

Lilian Wu, Wei Jing

In the effort to increase the participation of women and people of color in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers, a common assumption is that Asian men and women are doing fine, that they are well represented in STEM and have no difficulty excelling in STEM careers. This belief is supported by the easy […]

This article is in Perennial Agriculture, Fall 2011

Real Numbers: Time for Another Giant Leap For Mankind

Michael E. Webber, Sheril R. Kirshenbaum

In May of 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced a bold priority for the United States. He memorably urged the nation to send a man to the Moon by 1970: “No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will […]

This article is in Making Sense of the Adolescent Brain, Spring 2012

Defining Energy Access for the World’s Poor

Roger Pielke Jr., Morgan Bazilian

The poorest three-quarters of the global population still use only about 10% of global energy—a clear indicator of deep and persistent global inequity. Modern energy supply is foundational for economic development, yet discussions about energy and poverty commonly assume that the roughly 2 to 3 billion people who presently lack modern energy services will demand […]

This article is in Does Education Pay?, Fall 2013

Real Numbers


Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the Philippines on November 2, 2013, left behind more than 6,000 dead and displaced a T population the size of Los Angeles. The scale of the damage is a result not only of the severity of the storm but also of the vulnerability of the millions of impoverished people living in […]

This article is in What Next?, Spring 2014