Author Archives: Frank N. Laird

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This article is in Climate Engineering, Spring 2017


The infrastructure challenge In “Infrastructure and Democracy” (Issues, Winter 2017), Christopher Jones and David Reinecke remind us that infrastructures have historically been inaccessible to many people in the United States, particularly those living in poor and rural communities. By tracing the development of US railroad, electrical, and Internet networks, the authors show that many infrastructures […]




The New Normal in Funding University Science


This article is in Does Education Pay?, Fall 2013


Government funding for academic research will remain limited, and competition for grants will remain high. Broad adjustments will be needed—and here’s a plan. Science policy analysts have focused recently on the federal budget sequester and the dramatic effects it could have on funding scientific R&D in U.S. universities, certainly a serious problem. But looking only […]




Practical Pieces of the Energy Puzzle: A Full-Court Press for Renewable Energy


This article is in Practical Pieces of the Energy Puzzle, Winter 2009


Transformation of the energy system will require steady and generous government support across technological, economic, and social domains. Any effort to move the United States away from its current fossil-fuel energy system will require the promotion of renewable energy. Of course, renewable energy alone will not solve all problems of climate change, energy security, and […]




Just Say No to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets


This article is in Transportation Safety, Winter 2000-2001


The Kyoto Protocol’s targets are impeding our efforts to deal with climate change. The emissions targets of the Kyoto Protocol are dead, and the international community should let them rest in peace. Diplomatic necessity may require that the United Nations (UN) and signatory states to the treaty refrain from officially proclaiming their passing, but they […]




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This article is in Homeland Security, Winter 2001-2002


The Kyoto Protocol I have to congratulate you on publishing Richard E. Benedick’s essay on Kyoto and its aftermath (“Striking a New Deal on Climate Change,” Issues, Fall 2001). Many of us already knew that Benedick was an accomplished scholar and diplomat. What I didn’t know was that he could write with such style and […]