Author Archives: Albert N. Link

Perspective: Is the Bayh-Dole Act Stifling Biomedical Innovation?

This article is in Infrastructure for a Stormy Future, Winter 2018

The productivity of biomedical research has fallen dramatically during the past three decades. For example, Nicholas Bloom and colleagues, in a 2017 National Bureau of Economic Research working paper, found that productivity in cancer research (measured as the ratio between years of life saved per one hundred thousand people and the number of publications reporting […]


This article is in Climate Engineering, Spring 2017

The infrastructure challenge In “Infrastructure and Democracy” (Issues, Winter 2017), Christopher Jones and David Reinecke remind us that infrastructures have historically been inaccessible to many people in the United States, particularly those living in poor and rural communities. By tracing the development of US railroad, electrical, and Internet networks, the authors show that many infrastructures […]

Perspective: University Proof of Concept Centers: Empowering Faculty to Capitalize on Their Research

This article is in Has NIH Lost Its Halo?, Winter 2015

In March 2011, President Barack Obama announced the creation of a Proof of Concept Center (PoCC) program as part of the i6 Green Challenge to promote clean energy innovation and economic growth, an integral piece of his Startup America initiative. Managed through the Economic Development Administration (EDA), the program encouraged the creation of PoCCs aimed […]


This article is in Preserving Biodiversity, Spring 1999

Strengthening U.S. competitiveness I very much enjoyed reading Debra van Opstal’s “The New Competitive Landscape” (Issues, Winter 1998-99). I and several of my colleagues are actively grappling with the problems of technological competitiveness, because we believe them to be so critical to our nation’s future. The issues are aptly described in van Opstal’s essay. I […]


This article is in Rethinking What Research Government Should Fund, Fall 1999

Science and foreign policy Frank Loy, Under Secretary for Global Affairs at the U.S. State Department, and Roland Schmitt, president emeritus of Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute, recognize that the State Department has lagged behind the private sector and the scientific community in integrating science into its operations and decisionmaking. This shortfall has persisted despite a commitment […]

Real Numbers: University-Related Research Parks

This article is in Flaws In Forensic Science, Fall 2003

A university-related research park is a cluster of technology-based organizations (consisting primarily of private-sector research companies but also of selected federal and state research agencies and not-for-profit research foundations) that locate on or near a university campus in order to benefit from its knowledge base and research activities. A university is motivated to develop a […]

Real Numbers: The Small Business Innovation Research Program

This article is in Social Science and Environmental Policy, Summer 2012

The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 created the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program to stimulate technological innovation, to use small businesses of 500 or fewer employees to meet federal R&D needs, to foster and encourage participation of minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation, and to increase private sector commercialization of innovations […]