3 thoughts on “Final Frontier vs. Fruitful Frontier: The Case for Increasing Ocean Exploration

  1. Michael Cohen

    The Case for Ocean Exploration

    Scientific studies have shown that carbon dioxide is the leading contributor to why the earth is warming. Although space exploration does provide helpful contributions, “there seem to be no viable solutions to climate change that involve space” (Etzioni). On the other hand, ocean exploration can play a key role in slowing down climate change. Furthermore, “the oceans have absorbed almost one third of anthropogenic CO2 emitted since the advent of the industrial revolution.” Ocean exploration should increase to help our understanding and aid scientists to find solutions to global warming. Lastly, the CO2 in the ocean is causing the “emerging threat of ocean acidification,” which remains underexplored. The effect of acidification on ecosystems in the ocean is unknown and completely necessary in order for ecosystems to flourish.
    Food from the ocean is a major source of protein to many people living around the world. Many methods of fishing have caused “severe environmental damage” and one way to fix this is aquaculture. The impact of aquaculture is limited because of the underexplored research on the ocean and marine science. Aquaculture is limited due to the concern that it “may harm wild stocks of fish or their ecosystems.” To improve worldwide supplies of food, aquaculture must be further understood through studies. The author is a very strong believer in aquaculture but another thing that could be studied are more efficient ways of fishing that would not harm ecosystems. Marine science plays a key role in the discovering improvements to our world that lie within the ocean.
    NASA and its supporters have said that their exploration can address the earth’s energy crisis although they admit that they are many years away from producing something that can help this issue. Space exploration should be decreased due to its high costs and challenges that are brought forth in producing energy savers. On the other hand, ocean exploration has found that “one possible ocean renewable source is wave energy conversion.” This energy source is capable of supplying one third of the country’s energy needs supporting the fact that ocean exploration should be increased. I agree that ocean exploration is much needed in finding more solutions to energy sources on the earth as it can provide more than space and ideas have already been provided.

  2. Lilly Ambrose

    In response to this article, “Final Frontier vs. Fruitful Fortier. The Case for Increasing Ocean Exploration” by Amitai Etzoni, the author makes valid points defending the nations neglect on funding ocean exploration. From these arguments I definitely agree that there is a major neglect on ocean research, and en excess of research in space. I believe that studies of the ocean benefit the present day, and could answer questions about things like climate changes and water shortages. Exploration in the ocean could also answer many unsolved marine science mysteries involving organisms, their habitats, and their diets. Expanding these explorations could resolve the additional information needed to further understand the impact of climate change on aquaculture and fishing. These researchers can study what and how these climate effects are, and how they can minimized. Also these explorations could find methods to convert wave energy to the 1/3 of energy the country is in need of. Which in my opinion is more important then NASA’s space explorations at the time being.
    Alhough the author of this article makes very strong arguments for ocean exploration, I do believe some of the arguments are bias towards NASA’s research efforts. The Author argues that advocates wrongly insists that space has a major influence on climate change, when in reality both the ocean and space play a huge role, and until we prove otherwise, one is not more important than the other. In the article ‘Third of Big Groundwater Basins in Distress’ By Alan Buis, I read that the new study that NASA is undertaking happens to be to “comprehensively characterize global groundwater losses with data from space” (Alan Buis), using the NASA program and space exploration to research the ocean from above. Although i do believe that ocean and space exploration deserve equal funding, I do also believe that they both get significant amounts of attention in different ways.


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